Learning during design through simulation

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11th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organisational Design and Management (ODAM 2014) CPH Conference

Learning during design through simulation
Paper
Author:Pascal Béguin (Centre Max Weber, Université Lumière Lyon 2, France)
Date: 2014-08-19     Track: B - Special sessions     Session: B7 - Simulations: The integration of human factors and ergonomics – part II
DOI:10.4122/dtu:2512

This communication analyzes simulation as a method for learning during design, rather than a method for anticipates the future. More often, simulation is understood from as a “figurative” approach, centered on a future simulated situation. We will argue that an “operative” approach, centered on activity in a situation of simulation could be more efficient. Taking definitively this operative standpoint, the communication will propose three dimensions, each one contributing to an operative method: firstly, the simulated situation is a mediator, whose reference lies in activity rather than in the simulated situation. Secondly, simulation has to offer the possibility of exchange and dialogical learning between heterogeneous actors. Thirdly simulation methods must facilitate an ex-post activity, a reflexive “come back” after the event, giving the users the potential to learn about their own activity.