Using 2D and 3D models as tools during a workplace ...

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11th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organisational Design and Management (ODAM 2014) CPH Conference

Using 2D and 3D models as tools during a workplace design process - a question of how and when
Paper
Author:Lars-Ola BLIGÅRD (Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden)
Cecilia ÖSTERMAN (Kalmar Maritime Academy, Linnaeus University, Sweden)
Cecilia BERLIN (Product and Production Development, Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden)
Date: 2014-08-19     Track: B - Special sessions     Session: B6 - Simulations: The integration of human factors and ergonomics – part I
DOI:10.4122/dtu:2480

The benefits of involving users in a development process are well described. This paper describes a procedure for using 2D and 3D models in a workplace design process, which is based on three rounds of user studies within the maritime domain. The process includes various kinds of models that can be used in order to elicit design feedback in a cost-effective manner. Design teams can greatly benefit from using such mediating objects to draw out the users’ previous experiences. It was found that different model types allow different levels of reflection and questioning of the design from the prospective users.