Different ways of defining and measuring company ...

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11th International Symposium on Human Factors in Organisational Design and Management (ODAM 2014) CPH Conference

Different ways of defining and measuring company size when studying its effects on OHS: a literature study
Paper
Author:Hasse NORDLÖF (Centre for Musculoskeletal Research, Department of Occupational and Public Health Sciences, Faculty of Health and Occupational S, University of Gävle, Sweden)
Date: 2014-08-19     Track: G - Application areas     Session: G4 - Service industries & small and medium sized enterprises
DOI:10.4122/dtu:2399

Company size is a proxy variable for other variables affecting occupational health and safety (OHS) performance. The aim of this literature study was twofold: to give an overview on how it empirically has been shown that smaller and larger companies differ from one another in terms of OHS, and to present how earlier studies have defined company size when studying its effects on OHS. Earlier studies show for example that the OHS standard improves as company size increases. Number of employees was the most common way to define company size. Ordinal scale data was the most commonly used scale-of-measure.