Impact of Geometric Variation on the Performance of ...

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International Symposium on Robust Design (ISoRD'14) Technical University of Denmark, DTU

Impact of Geometric Variation on the Performance of Cold Formed Bearings
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Author:Johnpaul Woodhead (Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bristol, United Kingdom)
Julian Booker (Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bristol, United Kingdom)
Christopher Truman (Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Bristol, United Kingdom)
Date: 2014-08-15     Track: Main     Session: 13:00-14:30 Oral Session 2 - Robustness in Production
DOI:10.4122/dtu:2103

Plain spherical bearings are precision assemblies with a low frictional moment finding wide application in industry where they operate in harsh environments. They are manufactured using a cold forming process known as 'nosing'. An experiential approach is currently used by a manufacturer to develop new bearing products and determine associated process settings for the nosing process. Typically, inefficiencies can be observed for the bearing assembly post-nosing where any one of nine different failure modes may occur leading to rework or scrap costs due to a number of component and process inconsistencies. The initial focus is the outer bearing shell component and the geometrical relationships of the end chamfer features. Process capability measures are developed for a bearing model, with parts individually tracked through the nosing process to examine the influence out-of- tolerance variation on process integrity, measured forming loads and frictional moment. A validated Finite Element (FE) model is used to predict the complex elastic-plastic material behaviour at high strain-rates in the nosing process to support the simulation of in-process failure modes. These models take into account the geometrical and dimensional variations of the chamfers, material property variation and coefficient of friction. Predictions are made for feature process capabilities which produce lower failure rates in production. The robust design process outlined concludes with improved component and process design, and to aid the development of future bearing products using nosing.