A comparison of strategies to encourage regular ...

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7th International CONCEIVE DESIGN IMPLEMENT OPERATE Conference (CDIO2011)

A comparison of strategies to encourage regular study and foster deep learning
Paper
Author:Sylvie Dore <sylvie.dore@etsmtl.ca> (ETS (Ecole de technologie superieure))
Date: 2011-06-20     Track: Main     Session: 1
DOI:10.4122/1.1000054582
DOI:10.4122/1.1000054583

Three strategies were devised to encourage regular study and foster deep learning. Students were: 1.asked to draw a map of the course material that was to be covered in the coming week; 2.asked to produce an individual map of the material covered the previous week; 3.given the choice between drawing a map, writing a summary or attending a 10 minute quiz given at the beginning of the lecture, all on the material covered the previous week. The third strategy proved the most effective. To explain this result, it is hypothesized that motivation played an important role. When students have a better sense of control over their learning – for example, by having a choice of learning strategies and selecting the one which corresponds most to their learning style – their motivation increases [2]. Furthermore, sense of competence was increased for the students who handed in maps or summaries by performing well in the quizzes. These conditions foster a deep approach to learning.